Assisted reproduction has been a common solution for many couples. Over the years, it has embraced a new model called reciprocal in vitro fertilisation (IVF). With this procedure, a lesbian couple can take part in the pregnancy process.
Reciprocal IVF in Spain
This procedure is an assisted reproduction treatment designed for lesbian couples. This works by having one of the two women sharing her eggs with her partner who get them when fertilized and conceives the child. This procedure is perfect for couples looking for cross border reproductive care. It allows both of women to participate in the process with one being the biological mother and the other as the child’s carrier. Just like the standard IVF, the eggs in this treatment are fertilised with donor sperm.
Egg Donor Treatments
The woman who shares her eggs will undergo an ovarian stimulation. This process involves stimulating the ovaries with hormones to allow follicle production necessary to get oocytes. The donor will undergo various diagnostic tests such as:
- Hormonal blood test. This test is meant to analyse the woman’s ovarian reserve.
- Karyotype. This is intended to detect and address genetic abnormalities that could impact the embryo.
- Gynaecological ultrasound. This test is to determine any uterus and ovary pathologies.
- Serology study. The donor will undergo this to ensure she doesn’t have any infectious diseases
Preparations for the Embryo Recipient
The woman who will receive the embryo should go through an endometrial preparation treatment. This involves ingesting oestrogen hormonal treatment to get a good uterine wall thickness. When the uterine lining is prepared, the prepared embryos will be transferred into the woman’s uterus. Just like the donor, the receiving woman will undergo a serology study to determine if she has an infectious disease and gynaecological ultrasound.
Reciprocal IVF Success Rate
The procedure’s success rate is almost similar to the success of the standard IVF and primarily depends on the donor’s age. This is because the results are often good for young eggs. The treatment is quite satisfying for lesbian couples since the two women can actively take part in their goal of becoming a mother.
Laws and Regulations Regarding Reciprocal IVF
In Spain, the law requires that those who will engage in this form of IVF should be married. Also, the gametes donation must always be anonymous. But, the modification of the Assisted Reproduction Law 14/2006 has paved the way for the exception of donor anonymity to marriages. Because of this, both parties are recognised as the progenitor of the child.